Examination and treatment at DOmed

Short-sighted people see distant objects out of focus. This can lead to headaches, particularly after activities where it is necessary to concentrate on distant objects, such as driving.

How does short-sightedness occur?

Short-sightedness (myopia) is usually a consequence of either the eyeball being too long (axial myopia) or the refractive power of the lens, the intraocular fluid and the cornea being too high (refractive myopia). This means that the focus point is in front of the retina. The incident light is focused too tightly in relation to the length of the eyeball. The rays of light meet in front of the retina, so that a sharp image cannot be formed in the brain. Only light which reaches the eye from a short distance is able to be refracted correctly and correctly portrayed on the retina.

Special forms of short-sightedness

Simple myopia

This form of short-sightedness is hereditary and is also known as myopia simplex, benign myopia or “school myopia”. The latter refers to the age at which simple myopia emerges. This is usually between the ages of 10 and 12. After the age of 25, the visual impairment often does not increase further. However, in rare cases it continues to increase until the age of 30 and patients reach a prescription of -6 to -8 dioptres.

Malign myopia

This form of myopia, also known as myopia magna or myopia progressive, comprises an elongation of the eyeball, which takes place independently of external influences. The choroid and retina suffer as a result and become thinner, and the tissue begins to shrink. This results in internal bleeding and a pigmented scar in the area of the macula, which is also known as Fuchs spot and is a typical sign of this condition. In this form of short-sightedness, not only does the eyesight significantly decrease, but there is also an increased risk of the retina detaching. 

Symptoms of short-sightedness

The symptoms of short-sightedness can include it being difficult to recognise projected slides, street names, individual papers or people in the distance. Additionally, the further away patients look, the blurrier objects appear. Affected patients often suffer from headaches after activities which require looking into the distance, such as driving. 

How can short-sightedness be treated?

Short-sightedness can be corrected by glasses or contact lenses. This reduces the refractive power of the eye, moving the focus point backwards onto the retina. The refractive power of the glasses lenses or contact lenses is given with a minus sign (e.g. -2.5 dioptres). 

As an alternative to glasses or contact lenses, the treatment of mild or medium short-sightedness with Femto LASIK is possible.

For severe cases of short-sightedness, good results can usually be achieved with lens implants.

In combination with presbyopia, short-sightedness can be corrected by placing multifocal intraocular lenses.

Examination and treatment of short-sightedness at DOmed

Here you can find out more about modern Femto LASIK method with one of the newest systems in Europe, which DOmed is one of only ten eye clinics in Germany to use.

We are happy to give you information in a personal conversation. Just call us on +49800 199 0000!

DOmed eyclinic Westfalen
Dortmund B1

Rheinlanddamm 199
44139 Dortmund
Fon. +49231 – 95 80 93 10

Private consultation & outpatient operations

DOmed dry eye center
Dortmund B1

Rheinlanddamm 199
44139 Dortmund
Fon. +49231 – 95 80 93 10

Private outpatient diagnosis and treatment

DOmed eye center

Hakortstr. 64
44245 Dortmund-Hombruch
Fon. +49231 – 71 71 38

Medical consultation hours & private consultation hours

DOmed eye center

44534 Lünen
Fon. +492306 – 75 68 50

Medical consultation hours, private consultation hours
& outpatient operations

DOmed private practice
Dortmund center

Wißstr. 9
44137 Dortmund-center
Fon. +49231 – 57 10 88

Private consultation

DOmed eye center

Am Kai 8
44263 Dortmund
Fon. +49231 – 477 98 400

Medical consultation hours & private consultation hours